Medical cannabis and hemp come in different forms and different product types and can be consumed in a variety of methods. One of the increasingly popular products is cannabidiol hemp oil or CBD hemp oil, or simply CBD oil.
CBD, what is it?
CBD is short for cannabidiol, which is one of more than 80 cannabinoids identified to be present in the cannabis and hemp plant. Cannabinoids are a class of diverse chemical compounds that acts on our body’s cannabinoid receptors. CBD is the second most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis, next only to tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. However, in hemp, CBD dominates while THC is only present in trace amounts.
What does CBD do for our body?
CBD interacts with the body’s naturally occurring systems, such as the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is in charge of regulating our body’s homeostasis or state of balance and affects body functions like mood, appetite, hormone regulation, sleep, and immune and pain response.
The endocannabinoid system is made up of millions of cannabinoid receptor sites that are primarily found in the brain and in the central nervous system, as well as in the immune system. The receptor sites in the central nervous system are called CB1 receptors while the ones in the immune system are called CB2 receptors.
To put things simply, CBD positively affects the endocannabinoid system. However, unlike THC, it is non-psychoactive, does not cause a high, and has no mind-altering effects. It is, therefore, much safer.
Health benefits of CBD
Many studies have focused on the positive effects of CBD on the body. The health benefits that have been observed include anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticonvulsant, antiemetic, and antipsychotic, effects.
This means that is has high potential for relieving pain and for treating inflammation, epilepsy, seizures and certain other neurological problems, vomiting and nausea, anxiety, PTSD, schizophrenia, and oxidative injury.
Is CBD safe to take?
CBD is safe and non-toxic to take, even when you consume high amounts of it. And because it totally non-psychoactive, it won’t give you a euphoric effect and will not adversely affect your perception, sensory awareness, or behavior.
Studies have also found that CBD does not have negative effects on blood pressure, body temperature, heart rate, glucose levels, pH levels, red blood cell volume, potassium and sodium levels, the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and the bloodstream, and the time it takes to digest food.
CBD hemp oil
CBD hemp oil is an all-natural extract of the common hemp plant. However, because of the regulatory limitations in growing and processing hemp in the United States and in other countries around the world, acquiring CBD hemp oil products can be somewhat complicated.
In order to make CBD oil, hemp crops are placed in a specialized solvent-free extraction process. The pure hemp extract is then tested for quality, safety, and cannabinoid content.
There are also a variety of CBD hemp oil products, ranging in potency and in price. There are pure CBD oils, which are the most potent CBD products available. Usually, one serving is equivalent to 100mg. There are also CBD oil capsules, which usually contain a moderate CBD serving of 25mg each.
Then there are CBD hemp oil products that come in the form of tinctures, liquids, and sprays. These are made by diluting the oil into an alcohol or other oil base. The CBD content of these products are usually 1-20mg per serving. The best thing about CBD oil tinctures, liquids and sprays? They are the most affordable high-CBD products available. What’s more, they come in a variety of flavors.
There are also CBD oil topicals like balms and soothing salves. These can be rubbed on the skin and are often enriched with natural essential oils and fragrances.